RF专区
无线产品欧洲认证常见问题
发布时间:2017-01-23 09:51:38  作者:

  无线产品欧洲认证常见问题:


  1.  Q.  What is covered by the Radio Equipment Directive (RED)? 
  无线电设备指令(RED)所涵盖的内容有哪些?


  A.    A radio transmitter, or receiver, or transceiver, which is used for radio communication or radio determination. It does not include transmitters used for other purposes, such as heating, cutting, treating materials, etc.
  用于无线电通信或无线电测定的无线电发射机,接收机或收发机。 不包括用于其他目的的发射器,例如加热,切割,处理材料等。


  2.  Q.  What radio equipment is NOT covered by the RED?


  A.  Annex I of the RED covers equipment that is NOT covered by the RED. In general, equipment intended by radio amateurs is exempt. In addition, marine equipment and airborne equipment.
  RED指令附件一说明了RED不涵盖的设备。一般来说,业余无线电设备是不属于RED指令下的,另外还包括船用设备和机载设备。


  3.  Q.  What about products that use the RTTED?
  使用RTTED认证的产品会有什么影响?


  A.  From June 13, 2017, all products that are already physically in the market (in retail stores or in the supply chain that is not controlled by the manufacturer) can still be used or sold on to a final user. Any product that is placed on the market after June 13, 2017, must comply with the RED.
  自2017年6月13日起,所有已在市场上(在零售店或供应链中不受制造商控制)的产品仍可用于或销售给最终用户。 任何在2017年6月13日后投放市场的产品都必须符合RED标准。


  4.  Q.  Can I electronically label my device under RED?
       RED可以使用电子标签吗?


  A.    No. This is not allowed for RED or any other Directive. The European Commission are looking at this option, which is allowed in several other markets, but not in the EU. Part of the concern is based around Market Surveillance and identifying a product without having to 搇ochturn it on.攍och There is also a concern that one cannot turn a product on until it is known to be CE-Marked. For example, in the EU, the CE Mark is not just about radio performance. It is safety too. Some argue that 搇ochmaybe if we have it boot up in flight mode, so that it does not transmit until the CE Marking is displayed?攍och But CE Marking includes safety, one does not know that it is safe to plug it in or turn it on until the CE Marking is evident.
  不可以。RED或者其他指令均不允许电子标签。欧盟委员会正在考虑这一点,电子标签在其他几个市场是允许的。部分关注点基于市场监控和对不必“开启“的产品的识别。还有一个担心是,直到该产品被认为是CE标记的人们才能开启此产品。例如,在欧盟,CE标志不仅仅是关于无线电性能。 它也是安全的。 有人认为,“如果我们让它在飞行模式启动,直到CE标记显示时它才会发射信号?”但CE标记包括安全,直到CE标记显示人们才知道插入或开启是安全的。


  Finally, the EU commission say they have put a lot of effort into the CE Marking ‘brand’ and they don’t wish to dilute it now.
  最后,欧盟委员会表示他们已经为CE标志“品牌“付出了很多努力,他们不希望现在破坏它。


  5.  Q.  Do I place an NB Number on my device if I use a Notified Body?
  我可以在我的设备上放置NB号码吗?


  A.  Under RED, this is only allowed for devices that are approved under Full Quality Assurance (Annex IV of the RED).
  RED指令下,只有厂商检视(由指定认证机构认可的全面质量保证)认可的产品才允许在设备上放置NB号码(参考RED附件IV).。


  6.  Q.  What standards should I apply?
   我应该申请哪个标准?


  A.    The recommended approach is to apply the harmonized standards (HS) that are listed in the Official Journal to self-declare to the RED. One difficulty lies in the fact that there is not a complete list of harmonized standards in the Official Journal.
  建议采用的方法是使用官方公报中列出的RED的协调标准(HS)自我声明。 困难在于,官方公报中没有完整的协调标准清单。


  7.  Q.  If HS are not accessible, how can I place a CE Mark on my product?
   如果无法访问协调标准,我如何在我的产品上贴上CE标志?


  A.    The RED allows for the use of a Notified Body (NB) to issue a EU-Type Examination Certificate (EU TEC). A manufacturer would submit an application for the EU TEC to a Notified Body who will evaluate the application for compliance with the RED. The NB would assess the Technical Documentation relating to the device and compare the test results or calculations to available standards (harmonized and non-harmonized) for compliance. A NB can accept testing to standards that are in various stages of development, including draft standards and committee working drafts, if available. There is some risk that draft standards are subject to change. A NB should give guidance on the potential risk for any of the approaches that may be used.
  RED允许NB颁发EU-Type Examination证书(EU TEC)。制造商需要向NB提交EU-Type Examination证书申请,该NB机构将评估是否符合RED的申请。 NB 将评估产品相关的技术文件,并将测试结果或计算与可用标准(协调和非协调)进行比对,以确保合规性。NB可以接受处于不同发展阶段的标准的测试,包括draft标准和委员会工作草案(如果有的话)。风险是draft标准可能会改变。 NB应就可能使用的任何方法的潜在风险提供指导。


  NOTE: EU-Type Examination Certificates will feature an expiration date with the period of validity determined by the NB.
  注意:EU-Type Examination证书将有一个有效期,有效期由NB确定。


  8.  Q.  What about Risk Assessment?
  风险评估是什么?


  A.    A manufacturer must prepare a Risk Assessment. Some of the ways to perform a Risk Assessment is to review the application and use of the device, such as its installation location, environmental conditions and end-use. If there is a good track record of performance with little risk, the risk assessment can be fairly straightforward. It is important for the manufacturer to check their products to the standards they have applied, to make sure there are no compliance risks to the Directive which were not covered by the standard.
  制造商必须准备风险评估。执行风险评估的一些方法是审查设备的应用和使用,例如其安装位置,环境条件和最终用途。如果性能良好,风险较小,风险评估可以相当简单。 对于制造商来说,检查他们的产品是否符合他们所应用的标准是很重要的,以确保没有该标准未涵盖的指令的合规风险。


  It’s also important to remember that the standards will always lag behind technology. So, in cases where the device might do something (and therefore have a risk or mode) which is not covered by the standard (yet), they may need to do additional testing or research above and beyond the requirements of the standard.
  还必须记住,标准将总是落后于技术。 因此,在设备可能做某些(因此具有风险或模式)标准尚未涵盖的情况下,他们可能需要在标准的要求之外做额外的测试或研究。 


  9.  Q.  What additional tests are required under RED?
   RED指令下需要进行哪些额外的测试?


  A.    That depends. In many cases, you may have to perform some additional Receiver Tests if the new standard calls for the testing. There could also be additional spectrum sharing transmitter tests in some cases. Also note that the EMC immunity testing requirements have changed, to require more testing, notably for radio receivers.
  视情况而论。在许多情况下,如果新标准要求测试,则可能必须执行一些附加的接收器测试。 在一些情况下,还可能有额外的频谱共享发射机测试。 另请注意,EMC抗干扰测试要求已更改,需要更多测试,尤其是无线电接收器。


  10.  Q.  What about EMC and Safety? Are they still required?
   EMC和安全仍然需要吗?


  A.    Yes. The standards for EMC and Safety would be applied to satisfy EMC and Safety requirements for the Radio Device. It may be appropriate for the manufacturer to take standards from the EMCD and LVD to show compliance with the EMC and Safety requirements of the RED.
  是的。EMC和安全标准将用于满足无线电设备的EMC和安全要求。 制造商可以从EMCD和LVD采取标准以显示符合RED的EMC和安全要求。


  11.  Q.  Can you use HS that are harmonized under the EMC Directive for the RED?
  可以使用RED的EMC指令下协调的协调标准吗?


  A.    Not directly. You can do it; but it will not offer immediate presumption of conformity with the RED. EMC standards may be harmonized under the EMC Directive, it does not extend to the RED. It is possible that some EMC and Safety standards may become listed in the RED OJ in the future.
  不完全。你可以这样做,但不会立即推定与RED的一致性。 EMC标准可能在EMC指令下是协调的,但这不能延伸到RED。未来某些EMC和安全标准可能会列入RED OJ。

 

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